Newly Characterized Genes

CHECK HERE FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF NEWLY CHARACTERIZED MAIZE GENES!

With the overwhelming number of genes that are being discovered by phenotypic and sequence analyses, the MaizeGDB staff is missing some that should be included in MaizeGDB. We need your help! Please let us know about new genes that you're working on or have recently read about.

MaizeGDB prefers not to assign formal gene names to gene models based purely on orthology. Known difficulties include inclusivity (there are over 10,000 functionally characterized Arabidopsis genes)* and some likelihood of errors in inferred functions. Unlike gene models, gene names are generally conserved unless differently named genes are found to be allelic. Of particular note, naming priveleges are customarily held by researchers who first confirm function.

We encourage researchers to use the annotation tool on the MaizeGDB gene model pages to add their insights about putative function, especially when not currently part of the Phytozome or Gramene pipelines.

Below is a list of newly reported or newly characterized genes (new reference, new gene product, and/or new variation) with which you may not yet be familiar. The genes are sorted by the last time the gene has been updated. To suggest genes for inclusion in this list, email us and include the gene name, full name, chromosome or bin, and a recent reference.

If you cannot find the gene you would like to recommend in the database, send us an email so that we can add it to the database!

This page is based on our monthly release. The updates are made around 4:00am CST.


         Recommended Genes


One month | Six months | One year | All time

New or updated genes since one month ago. The cutoff date is August 18th, 2020.

Last UpdateGeneFull Name : DescriptionChromosome
or Bin
Gene
Model
Recent ReferenceOrthologsUpdate information
yesterdayrps6a ribosomal proteinS6a: mature mRNA stored in embryo axes
7.04
GRMZM2G054136
Sun, XC et al. 2020. J Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2020.153281     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: July 3rd, 2013
Gene Model: April 15th, 2015
yesterdaybas1 beta alanine synthase1: single copy, oat cDNA cdo385
7.03 - 7.04
GRMZM2G077673
Sun, XC et al. 2020. J Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2020.153281     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: October 18th, 2013
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
yesterdaytor1 target of rapamycin1: similar to Arabidpsis FKBP12-rapamycin complex-associated proteinexpression is highly regulated during germination
6.05
GRMZM2G049342
Sun, XC et al. 2020. J Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2020.153281     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: November 21st, 2017
Gene Model: August 27th, 2018
yesterdaymkkk18 MAP kinase kinase kinase18: function inferred from sequence similarity (Kong et al 2013)
 
GRMZM2G305066
Li, CL et al. 2020. Mol Breed 40:92     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: July 10th, 2013
Gene Model: July 11th, 2013
yesterdayhex9 hexokinase9:
 
GRMZM2G467069
Li, CL et al. 2020. Mol Breed 40:92     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: September 15th, 2013
Gene Model: September 15th, 2013
yesterdaycdpk21 calcium dependent protein kinase21:
 
GRMZM2G047479
Li, CL et al. 2020. Mol Breed 40:92     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: December 3rd, 2013
Gene Model: January 10th, 2018
yesterdaymcsf1 mitochondrial CAF-like splicing factor1: mutants have empty pericarp
 
GRMZM2G087395
Yang, Y-Z et al. 2020. RNA Biol. doi: 10.1080/15476286.2020.1817267     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: July 23rd, 2009
Variation: July 1st, 2019
Gene Model: July 1st, 2019
yesterdayemp32 empty pericarp32: mutants have an empty pericarp phenotype
 
GRMZM2G089959
Yang, Y-Z et al. 2020. RNA Biol. doi: 10.1080/15476286.2020.1817267   At5g57250 (TAIR) Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: September 17th, 2020
Gene Model: June 12th, 2020
yesterdayppr282 pentatricopeptide repeat protein282: ortholog of Arabidopsis SLO3
 
GRMZM2G177845
Yang, Y-Z et al. 2020. RNA Biol. doi: 10.1080/15476286.2020.1817267   AT3G61360 (TAIR) Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Gene Model: September 17th, 2020
yesterdayppr375 pentatricopeptide repeat protein375: ortholog of Arabidopsis MTL1
 
GRMZM2G030263
Yang, Y-Z et al. 2020. RNA Biol. doi: 10.1080/15476286.2020.1817267   AT5G64320 (TAIR) Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Gene Model: September 17th, 2020
yesterdayrps6k1 ribosomal protein S6 kinase1: responsible for in vivo ribosomal protein S6 (S6rp) phosphorylation
 
GRMZM2G080001
Sun, XC et al. 2020. J Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2020.153281     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: September 17th, 2020
Gene Model: September 17th, 2020
yesterdayrps6b ribosomal proteinS6b:
 
GRMZM5G851698
Sun, XC et al. 2020. J Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2020.153281     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 17th, 2020
yesterdaypin1 PIN-formed protein1: gene product cross-reacts with anti-AtPIN1 antibody and in tassel and ear, the PIN proteins are localized to a group of cells in subepidermal meristematic layers.
9.01
GRMZM2G398650
Sun, XC et al. 2020. J Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2020.153281     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: April 21st, 2014
Variation: January 20th, 2015
Gene Model: June 7th, 2012
yesterdaytgz21 transglutaminase21:
2.04
GRMZM2G045005
Han, X et al. 2020. J Food Process Preserv doi: 10.1111/jfpp.14756     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: December 24th, 2015
Variation: February 2nd, 2010
Gene Model: December 24th, 2015
yesterdaymat-r(mtNB) maturase related:
 
GRMZM5G851769
Yang, Y-Z et al. 2020. RNA Biol. doi: 10.1080/15476286.2020.1817267     Reference: September 17th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: June 16th, 2020
2 days agoms5 male sterile5: anthers not exserted; affected at microspore mitosis
5.04 - 5.05
GRMZM2G166330
Huo, Y et al. 2020. Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1104/pp.20.00105     Reference: September 16th, 2020
Gene Product: January 25th, 2019
Variation: September 16th, 2020
Gene Model: September 16th, 2020
2 days agovp5 viviparous5: like vp2cDNA, strongest hybridization to this site; other sites are near o2, bnl17.25 and dup103; encodes a 2-step phytoene desaturase; SSR umc1070
1.02 - 1.02
   Yang, H et al. 2020. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa431     Reference: September 16th, 2020
Gene Product: December 13th, 2011
Variation: March 4th, 2014
2 days agorps8 ribosomal protein S8 homolog: multiple copies; leaf cDNA csu34 similar to ribosomal protein
4.09
GRMZM2G336875
Zhang, JH et al. 2020. Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1104/pp.20.00849     Reference: September 16th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 17th, 2015
Gene Model: April 15th, 2015
2 days agoatp4 ATP synthase4: Chloroplast PPR-SMR protein. Activates atpB translation. Binds atpB 5'UTR. (A. Barkan, 2015)required for normal accumulation of the chloroplast ATP synthase
 
GRMZM2G128665
Zhang, JH et al. 2020. Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1104/pp.20.00849     Reference: September 16th, 2020
Gene Product: December 30th, 2015
Variation: June 15th, 2013
Gene Model: June 15th, 2013
2 days agopgr3 proton gradient regulation3 homolog: Ortholog of Arabidopsis PGR3. Chloroplast PPR protein that stabilizes 5'-end of petL RNA and is required for accumulation of the thylakoid NDH complex. Global protein deficiencies imply additional functions in maize. (A. Barkan, 2015)Ortholog of Arabidopsis PGR3, a PPR protein that stabilizes 5'-end of cp petL RNA and is required for NDH accumulation. Additional functions in maize, with more global effect on accumulation of cp complexes.
 
GRMZM2G372632
Zhang, JH et al. 2020. Plant Physiol pp.doi: 10.1104/pp.20.00849   AT4G31850 (TAIR)
LOC_Os10g28600 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: September 16th, 2020
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: December 30th, 2015
Gene Model: February 17th, 2015
2 days agorpp13lk3 recognition of Peronospora parasitica 13 like protein 3: encodes an adenylyl cyclase that is located in the mitochondrion; catalyse ATP for producing cAMP and may be involved in ABA-regulated heat resistance
 
GRMZM2G030024
Yang, H et al. 2020. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa431     Reference: September 16th, 2020
Gene Product: September 16th, 2020
Gene Model: September 16th, 2020
3 days agoafd1 absence of first division1: male and female sterility; early meiosis
6.07
GRMZM2G059037
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120   AT5G05490 (TAIR)
LOC_Os05g50410 (MSU/TIGR)
Os05g0580500 (Gramene)
Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: July 30th, 2009
Variation: August 11th, 2011
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
3 days agoam1 ameiotic1: male and female sterility - anaphase I equatorial; alleles am1-pra1(was pra1), am1-2 (was am2)affects switch to meiotic cell cycle
5.02
   Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Variation: August 11th, 2011
3 days agomus1 MutS homolog1: cDNA similar to E. coli mutS
7.04
GRMZM2G056075
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: August 15th, 2005
Variation: January 28th, 2013
Gene Model: August 5th, 2015
3 days agozyp1 synaptonemal complex protein ZIPPER1: Homlogous to Yeast ZIPPER1 (ZIP1), Arabidopsis ZYP1 and rice ZEP1.
 
GRMZM2G143590
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: March 2nd, 2011
Variation: March 2nd, 2011
Gene Model: June 19th, 2014
3 days agopolm2 polymerase II transcription-mediator2: encodes part of the "CDK8" module that mediates transcription initiation with RNA Polymerase II
9.08
GRMZM5G828278
Nunez-Rios, T et al. 2020. Int J Dev Biol pp.doi: 10.1387/ijdb.200098sg     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: December 29th, 2016
Variation: December 29th, 2016
Gene Model: December 29th, 2016
3 days agopolm3 polymerase II transcription-mediator3: encodes part of the "CDK8" module that mediates transcription initiation with RNA Polymerase II
9.03
GRMZM2G053588
Nunez-Rios, T et al. 2020. Int J Dev Biol pp.doi: 10.1387/ijdb.200098sg     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: December 29th, 2016
Variation: December 29th, 2016
Gene Model: December 29th, 2016
3 days agoago18b argonaute18b: mutant affects length of central tassel branch
1.08
GRMZM2G457370
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Variation: August 17th, 2019
Gene Model: August 12th, 2016
3 days agophs1 poor homologous synapsis1: affects homology search
9.00
GRMZM2G100103
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: September 5th, 2006
Variation: August 7th, 2012
Gene Model: August 7th, 2012
3 days agospo1 topoisomerase-like enzyme1: Homolog of SPO11, which generates double-stranded breaks along meiotic chromosomes
 
GRMZM2G129913
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: June 19th, 2014
Variation: April 21st, 2020
Gene Model: June 19th, 2014
3 days agopolm1 polymerase II transcription-mediator1: encodes part of the "CDK8" module that mediates transcription initiation with RNA Polymerase II
 
GRMZM2G114459
Nunez-Rios, T et al. 2020. Int J Dev Biol pp.doi: 10.1387/ijdb.200098sg     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: December 29th, 2016
Variation: December 29th, 2016
Gene Model: December 29th, 2016
3 days agodmc1 disrupted meiotic cDNA homolog1:
 
GRMZM2G109618
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Variation: May 12th, 2017
Gene Model: January 27th, 2017
3 days agocdk8 cyclin dependent kinase8: encodes part of the "CDK8" module that mediates transcription initiation with RNA Polymerase II
5.03
GRMZM2G166771
Nunez-Rios, T et al. 2020. Int J Dev Biol pp.doi: 10.1387/ijdb.200098sg     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: December 29th, 2016
Variation: December 29th, 2016
Gene Model: December 29th, 2016
3 days agorad51b recombination protein51 gene b: one of two loci producing cDNA homologous to yeast protein required with Dmc1 protein for meiotic homologous recombination
3.05
GRMZM2G084762
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Variation: May 13th, 2012
Gene Model: June 19th, 2014
3 days agorad51a recombination protein51 gene a: one of two loci producing cDNA homologous to yeast protein required with Dmc1 protein for meiotic homologous recombination
7.04
GRMZM2G121543
Nan, G et al. 2011. BMC Plant Biology 11:120     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: August 12th, 2016
Variation: April 19th, 2012
Gene Model: June 19th, 2014
3 days agocyc12 cyclin12: encodes part of the "CDK8" module that mediates transcription initiation with RNA Polymerase II
7.03
GRMZM2G408242
Nunez-Rios, T et al. 2020. Int J Dev Biol pp.doi: 10.1387/ijdb.200098sg     Reference: September 15th, 2020
Gene Product: June 26th, 2009
Variation: December 29th, 2016
Gene Model: December 29th, 2016
4 days agomyb42 myb transcription factor 42: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
4.09
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26   LOC_Os08g43550 (MSU/TIGR) Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: February 16th, 2011
Variation: November 7th, 2017
4 days agoa2 anthocyaninless2: like a1, but red pericarp with P1-rr
5.03
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: June 7th, 2012
Variation: September 1st, 2003
4 days agob1 colored plant1: dominant B1 plants have anthocyanin in major plant tissues; some alleles affect aleurone and embryo color; regulates flavonoid enzymes; SSR umc1776
2.03
GRMZM2G172795
Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: October 13th, 2010
Variation: February 14th, 2013
Gene Model: September 22nd, 2011
4 days agobz1 bronze1: modifies purple aleurone and plant color to pale or reddish brown; anthers yellow-fluorescent; allele bz1-m4 = sh1-bz1-m4; SSR phi017NCBI: UDPG-flavonoid 3-oxy glucosyl transferase
9.02
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: July 4th, 2018
Variation: July 13th, 2020
4 days agoc1 colored aleurone1: C1 colored; C1-I dominant colorless; c1 colorless, includes c1-p (pigment inducible by light at germination), c1-n (not inducible)
9.01
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: June 16th, 2015
Variation: March 27th, 2013
4 days agoc2 colorless2: colorless aleurone, reduced plant and cob color; C2-Idf dominant inhibitor; duplicate factor with whp1 for pollen color and for anthocyanins
4.08
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: November 14th, 2013
4 days agohm1 Helminthosporium carbonum susceptibility1: disease lesions vs. yellowish flecks (Hm1, resistant) on leaves with Cochliobolus carbonum race 1
1.06
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: May 23rd, 2014
Variation: September 1st, 2003
4 days agolc1 red leaf color1: dominant Lc1 confers anthocyanin in coleoptile, nodes, auricle, leaf blade, etc. (compare Sn1 and Hopi1); displaced r1 gene
10.06
GRMZM5G822829
Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2018
4 days agopl1 purple plant1: Pl1 plant tissues have light-independent pigment, pl1 blue light-dependent; Pl1-Bh1, colored patches in c1 aleurone and in plant; transcriptional activator for flavonoid genes; SSR phi031, nc009, nc010. umc1014
6.04
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: June 16th, 2015
Variation: March 28th, 2013
4 days agor1 colored1: regulates anthocyanin pathway; dominant R1 (S element) confers function in aleurone; dominants represented by R1-r or r1-r (P element) confer function in anthers, leaf tip, brace roots, etc.
10.06
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: October 13th, 2010
Variation: January 6th, 2018
4 days agochi1 chalcone flavanone isomerase1: genomic sequence, gene-specific probe, transcript defined by S1-nuclease protection analysis
1.11
GRMZM2G155329
Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: May 8th, 2012
Variation: October 10th, 2012
Gene Model: May 9th, 2012
4 days agofht1 flavanone 3-hydroxylase1: (aka f3h) single copy cDNA similar to Antirrhinum homologsimilar to Naringenin,2-oxoglutarate 3-dioxygenase of A. thaliana
2.01 - 2.02
   Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: June 8th, 2012
Variation: September 1st, 2003
4 days agohsp27 heat shock protein27:
 
GRMZM2G335242
Kim, J-T et al. 2020. Appl Biochem 63:54     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: January 15th, 2019
Gene Model: September 14th, 2020
4 days agohsp28 heat shock protein28:
 
GRMZM2G098167
Kim, J-T et al. 2020. Appl Biochem 63:54     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Gene Product: January 15th, 2019
Gene Model: September 14th, 2020
4 days agoIDP158  :
3.09
GRMZM2G175076
Sa, KJ et al. 2020. Genomics & Informatics 18:e26     Reference: September 14th, 2020
Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
6 days agomst1 modifier of R1-st1: dominant Mst1 reduces mutability of R1-st
10.06
   Gavazzi, G et al. 1990. Genetics 125:193-199     Reference: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 12th, 2020
7 days agoserk2 somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinase2: a single copy DNA with homology to carrot and Arabidopsis SERK genes;SSR umc2304
5.05
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z   AT1G71830 (TAIR)
LOC_Os04g38480 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 11th, 2015
Recommended by Ed Coe:
January 8th, 2008
7 days agogst2 glutathione S-transferase2: safener-induced; heterodimer; 2 map sites have been reported on chr 8 and 10
10.03
GRMZM2G132093
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: July 7th, 2010
Gene Model: October 29th, 2015
7 days agortcs1 rootless concerning crown and seminal roots1: root system reduced solely to a primary root yet plants can be carried to seed; cyclin cDNAs absent; naphthalene acetic acid induces adventitious roots
1.02
GRMZM2G092542
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: October 5th, 2009
Variation: October 5th, 2009
Gene Model: July 23rd, 2013
7 days agomyb88 MYB-transcription factor 88: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
4.00
   Zhai, KH et al. 2020. Frontiers Plant Sci 11:564665     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: July 25th, 2017
7 days agonec2 necrotic2: green seedling develops necrotic lesions at 2-3 leaf stage; lethal; accumulates divinyl chlorophyllides a an b and may be the dvr1 gene.
1.04
   Govindjee et al. 2020. Plant Physiology Reports doi: 10.1007/s40502-020-00534-4     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Variation: September 11th, 2020
7 days agohscf1 heat shock complementing factor1: cDNA with 2 APETALA2-like binding domains
9.03
GRMZM2G139082
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Variation: December 22nd, 2012
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
7 days agogst5 glutathione transferase5: cDNA, safener-induced; high activity with fluorodifen herbicide
1.11
GRMZM2G308687
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: July 22nd, 2010
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst6 glutathione transferase6: cDNA, functionally expressed in E. coli
7.01
GRMZM2G129357
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: July 22nd, 2010
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst7 glutathione transferase7: cDNA, functionally expressed in E. coli
3.05
GRMZM2G028556
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 9th, 2010
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agochn2 chitinase2: acidic chitinase I, based on cDNA sequence similarity; Southern blots suggest multiple copies
6.01
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
7 days agoabi3 ABI3-VP1-transcription factor 3: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.Grimault et al named this locus ZmAFL4 by homology to Arabidopsis, 2015
 
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: July 29th, 2015
7 days agoereb53 AP2-EREBP-transcription factor 53: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z   LOC_Os1g67410 (MSU/TIGR) Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: July 5th, 2019
7 days agowox5a WUSCHEL-homeobox-transcription factor 5A: embryonic WUSCHEL homeobox transcription factor (Nardmann et al 2007)
 
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: August 25th, 2017
7 days agowox5b WUSCHEL-homeobox-transcription factor 5b: embryonic transcription factor (Nardmann et al 2007)
 
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: August 25th, 2017
7 days agoaic1 auxin import carrier1: cDNA encoding a protein with a deduced amino acid showing 73% identity to AtAUX1.
1.05
GRMZM2G129413
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z   AT2G21050 (TAIR) Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: November 21st, 2015
7 days agoserk1 somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinase1: single copy cDNA with 79% sequence identity with serk2, and significant sequence homology to carrot and Arabidopsis SERK genes;
10.04 - 10.05
GRMZM5G870959
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 25th, 2015
Gene Model: January 25th, 2015
7 days agoserk3 somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinase3: a single copy cDNA;
4.05
GRMZM2G150024
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: July 31st, 2013
Gene Model: June 11th, 2015
7 days agogst8 glutathione transferase8:
 
GRMZM2G156877
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst11 glutathione transferase11:
1.01
GRMZM2G119499
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst18 glutathione transferase18:
3.05
GRMZM2G019090
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 17th, 2010
Gene Model: October 22nd, 2014
7 days agogst19 glutathione transferase19:
6.04
GRMZM2G335618
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 18th, 2010
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst21 glutathione transferase21:
3.05
GRMZM2G428168
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 18th, 2010
Gene Model: April 18th, 2017
7 days agogst22 glutathione transferase22:
10.04
GRMZM2G330635
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 18th, 2010
Gene Model: April 18th, 2017
7 days agogst29 glutathione transferase29:
3.05
GRMZM2G127789
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst30 glutathione transferase30:
1.04
GRMZM2G044383
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 21st, 2010
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst31 glutathione transferase31: glutathione S-transferase subunit 31; matches PCO132874 (in silico from AF244696) placed by overgo on chromosome 1
1.01
GRMZM2G475059
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 21st, 2010
Gene Model: April 27th, 2016
7 days agogst32 glutathione transferase32:
1.04
GRMZM2G041685
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst37 glutathione transferase37:
7.04
GRMZM2G178079
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agogst42 glutathione transferase42:
1.04
GRMZM2G025190
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
7 days agosi1 silky1: (aka ts8, ms-si) multiple silks in ear; sterile tassel with silks
6.01
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Variation: November 2nd, 2015
7 days agomads1 MADS1: transcripts detected in egg cells and invivo zygotes of maize, also expressed in synergids and antipodal cells. during flower development expressed in all ear spikelet organ primordia at intermediate stages
9.07
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 15th, 2008
7 days agochn3 chitinase3: acidic chitinase I by cDNA sequence similarity; Southern blots suggest single or low copy number
5.03
   Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
7 days agolec1 LEC1 transcription factor1:
5.06
GRMZM2G011789
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: August 9th, 2016
Gene Model: April 8th, 2011
7 days agoaic3 auxin import carrier3: part of gene family that maintains auxin distribution pattern against environmental or developmental influences
1.03
GRMZM2G149481
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: April 19th, 2017
Gene Model: April 19th, 2017
7 days agozag6 agamous-like6: Encodes a MADS-box transcription factor homologous to SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 that affects flowering time in Arabidopsis.
 
GRMZM2G026223
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Variation: June 9th, 2014
Gene Model: June 9th, 2014
7 days agoatl1 auxin transporter-like1: mutant tassels have reduced branch numbers; bald tip on ears with fewer spikelets per row, and agravitropic root growth
 
GRMZM2G127949
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z   AT2G38120 (TAIR)
LOC_Os01g63770 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: April 19th, 2017
Variation: April 19th, 2017
Gene Model: March 12th, 2015
7 days agogst46 glutathione transferase46:
 
GRMZM2G480439
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 11th, 2020
7 days agogst47 glutathione transferase47:
 
GRMZM2G161827
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 11th, 2020
7 days agogst48 glutathione transferase48:
 
GRMZM2G056388
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 11th, 2020
7 days agoglp2 germin-like protein2:
 
GRMZM2G045809
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: December 24th, 2015
Gene Model: September 11th, 2020
7 days agopin2 PIN-formed protein2: see pin1
5.06
GRMZM2G074267
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: April 21st, 2014
Variation: June 11th, 2007
Gene Model: June 7th, 2012
7 days agoyuc5 Yucca5: transcribed in the root apex (0-5mm)
7.02
GRMZM2G132489
Ding, MQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01066-z     Reference: September 11th, 2020
Gene Product: June 18th, 2018
Gene Model: June 17th, 2016
8 days agopro1 proline responding1: (allele o6) crumpled opaque kernel; green-striped lethal seedling; responds to proline in culture
8.04
GRMZM2G375504
Altuntas, C; Terzi, R. 2020. Phyton Int J Exp Bot 89:487-495     Reference: September 10th, 2020
Gene Product: March 19th, 2015
Variation: September 18th, 2018
Gene Model: June 22nd, 2014
8 days agosh1 shrunken1: inflated endosperm collapses on drying, forming smoothly indented kernels; sucrose synthase-sh1 of endosperm (compare sus1 and sus2); homotetramer; SSRs phi028, 044, 033
9.01
   Altuntas, C; Terzi, R. 2020. Phyton Int J Exp Bot 89:487-495     Reference: September 10th, 2020
Gene Product: October 25th, 2006
Variation: June 9th, 2020
8 days agoao1 aldehyde oxidase1: functionally cloned (Sekimoto et al 1997)
1.11
GRMZM2G141535
Altuntas, C; Terzi, R. 2020. Phyton Int J Exp Bot 89:487-495     Reference: September 10th, 2020
Gene Product: May 2nd, 2012
Variation: May 30th, 2012
Gene Model: October 4th, 2014
9 days agoscro1 scarecrow1: mRNA expressed in endodermis and quiescent center of root, influencing radial pattern
4.08
GRMZM2G131516
Hughes, TE; Langdale, JA. 2020. Plant Direct. doi: 10.1002/pld3.264     Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: June 24th, 2019
Variation: June 24th, 2019
Gene Model: November 11th, 2012
Recommended by Ed Coe:
January 25th, 2007
9 days agoms45 male sterile45: abnormal microspore wall formation, tassel specific, cDNA clone
9.06
   Cigan, AM et al. 2005. Plant J 43:929-940     Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: June 27th, 2014
Variation: June 27th, 2014
9 days agoms26 male sterile26: tapetal cells abnormal, die early; microspores vacuolate early and abort after the tetrad stage
1.02 - 1.02
   Cigan, AM et al. 2005. Plant J 43:929-940     Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: September 30th, 2013
Variation: July 8th, 2020
9 days agoms7 male sterile7: like ms2; tapetal cell dysfunction
7.02
GRMZM5G890224
An, XL et al. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010255117   AT5G22260 (TAIR)
LOC_Os09g27620 (MSU/TIGR)
Os09g0449000 (Gramene)
Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: July 8th, 2017
Variation: September 9th, 2020
Gene Model: July 6th, 2017
9 days agogras37 GRAS-transcription factor 37: In double mutants with scro1, most leaf veins are separated by one rather than two mesophyll cells Hughes et al., 2019)
 
   Hughes, TE; Langdale, JA. 2020. Plant Direct. doi: 10.1002/pld3.264     Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: June 24th, 2019
Variation: June 24th, 2019
9 days agosmk7 small kernel7: mutants have small kernels, but normal composition of storage proteins
 
   Zhao, HL et al. 2020. Plant Physiol 184:359-373     Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: June 26th, 2020
Variation: June 26th, 2020
9 days agowrky126 WRKY-transcription factor 126: candidate gene for stem architecture
 
GRMZM5G851490
Shang, QQ et al. 2020. Plant Mol Biol pp.doi: 10.1007/s11103-020-01062-3     Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: July 24th, 2017
Gene Model: September 9th, 2020
9 days agochls1 chalcone synthase1: Gene regulated by anther-specific promoter 5126
 
GRMZM2G108894
Cigan, AM et al. 2005. Plant J 43:929-940     Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: September 9th, 2020
9 days agodfr1 dihydroflavonoid reductase1: male sterile; identification to potential function based on GenBank and TIGR annotations
7.03 - 7.02
GRMZM2G004683
Cigan, AM et al. 2005. Plant J 43:929-940     Reference: September 9th, 2020
Gene Product: November 21st, 2012
Variation: November 21st, 2012
Gene Model: November 21st, 2012
10 days agovpp5 vacuolar-type H+-pyrophosphatase5: variants affect drought tolerance
 
GRMZM2G170927
Jia, T-J et al. 2020. J Int Agr 19:2177-2187   AT1G15690 (TAIR)
LOC_Os02g09150 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: September 8th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2016
Variation: August 16th, 2016
Gene Model: August 16th, 2016
10 days agolysm1 lysin motif domain protein1: ortholog of OsAM3 (rice arbuscular mycorrhizal3)
 
GRMZM2G135244
Nadal, M et al. 2017. Nature Plants 3:17073   LOC_Os01g57400 (MSU/TIGR) Reference: September 7th, 2020
Gene Product: September 8th, 2020
Gene Model: September 7th, 2020
11 days agorth3 roothair defective3: like rth1, but "stocking cap" roothair initials under electron microscope
1.03
   Ma, XM et al. 2020. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcaa159     Reference: September 7th, 2020
Variation: June 30th, 2012
11 days agopht6 phosphate transporter protein6:
 
GRMZM5G881088
Ma, XM et al. 2020. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcaa159     Reference: September 7th, 2020
Gene Product: June 16th, 2016
Variation: June 17th, 2020
Gene Model: May 27th, 2015
11 days agopht8 phosphate transporter protein8:
 
GRMZM2G009779
Ma, XM et al. 2020. Ann Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/aob/mcaa159     Reference: September 7th, 2020
Gene Product: June 16th, 2016
Gene Model: June 16th, 2016
11 days agonope1 no perception1 : mutant is defective in early rhizosphere signalling
 
GRMZM2G176737
Nadal, M et al. 2017. Nature Plants 3:17073   LOC_Os04g01520 (MSU/TIGR) Reference: September 7th, 2020
Gene Product: September 7th, 2020
Variation: September 7th, 2020
Gene Model: September 7th, 2020
14 days agopzb01301  :
10.02
   LI, HW et al. 2020. Plant Physiol Biochem 155:756-768     Reference: September 4th, 2020
Variation: December 31st, 2017
14 days agobk2 brittle stalk2: brittle plant parts after 4-leaf stage
9.04 - 9.05
GRMZM2G109326
LI, HW et al. 2020. Plant Physiol Biochem 155:756-768     Reference: September 4th, 2020
Gene Product: March 6th, 2012
Variation: March 6th, 2012
Gene Model: March 5th, 2012
14 days agolhcb3 light harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein3: probed by clone provided by L. Bogorad (aka cab4)
8.03
   LI, HW et al. 2020. Plant Physiol Biochem 155:756-768     Reference: September 4th, 2020
Gene Product: January 8th, 2005
Variation: August 20th, 2014
14 days agossu1 ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small subunit1: probed locus; SSRs phi092,phi093
4.08
   LI, HW et al. 2020. Plant Physiol Biochem 155:756-768     Reference: September 4th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
14 days agossu2 ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small subunit2: probed locus
2.05
GRMZM2G113033
LI, HW et al. 2020. Plant Physiol Biochem 155:756-768     Reference: September 4th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: October 14th, 2014
Gene Model: August 7th, 2014
14 days agolhcb7 light harvesting complex mesophyll7: cDNA sequence distinct from other light harvesting chlorophyll polypeptides; two copies by Southern blot analysis (aka cab-m7)
6.07
   LI, HW et al. 2020. Plant Physiol Biochem 155:756-768     Reference: September 4th, 2020
Gene Product: January 8th, 2005
Variation: January 5th, 2013
14 days agoltpg1 glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored lipid protein transfer1: NCBI: putative bifunctional inhibitor/LTP/seed storage protein family
1.06
GRMZM2G083725
LI, HW et al. 2020. Plant Physiol Biochem 155:756-768     Reference: September 4th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: December 2nd, 2016
Gene Model: December 2nd, 2016
15 days agorap2 rap2.7 orthologue: negative regulator of flowering time; vgt1 acts as an enhancer (Salvi et al. 2007)
8.06
GRMZM2G700665
Crisp, PA et al. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010250117     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: July 5th, 2019
Variation: July 24th, 2019
Gene Model: November 20th, 2012
15 days agoglb1 globulin1: was prot1; electrophoretic mobility, null allele is known; embryo protein; SSRs phi011, 055, 094
1.09
   Wang, N et al. 2020. Frontiers Plant Sci 11:1298     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 29th, 2015
15 days agoal9 aleurone9: aleurone specific cDNA, unknown function
8.08
GRMZM2G091006
Linnestad, C et al. 2003. US Pat Off pp.US 2003/0097.689 A1     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Variation: October 14th, 2009
Gene Model: January 14th, 2016
15 days agokn1 knotted1: dominant Kn1 plants have localized proliferation of tissue at vascular bundles on leaf
1.10
   Crisp, PA et al. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010250117     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Variation: December 6th, 2013
15 days agomc1 mucronate1: dominant Mc1 kernels have opaque endospermendosperm-specific protein cDNA
2.06
GRMZM2G060429
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 17th, 2010
Variation: September 16th, 2010
Gene Model: August 4th, 2018
15 days agoo2 opaque endosperm2: like o1; high lysine content; regulates b-32 protein (see rip1); reduced lysine degradation (lysine-ketoglutaric reductase); SSRs phi057, 112
7.01
   Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 6th, 2016
15 days agop1 pericarp color1: dominant P1 regulates red pigment (phlobaphenes) in cob and pericarp (ex. P1-wr red cob; P1-rr red pericarp and cob) and in tassel glumes and husks; tissue-specific allele variations; SSR phi095; myb homologue
1.03
   Crisp, PA et al. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010250117     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: October 13th, 2010
Variation: April 23rd, 2020
15 days agora1 ramosa1: ear and tassel many-branched; tassel branches taper to tip
7.02
   Crisp, PA et al. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010250117     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: April 11th, 2007
Variation: August 20th, 2010
15 days agodhn1 dehydrin1: protein induced by abscisic acid; cDNA sequence agrees with amino acid sequence (aka dhn3, rab17, rny1)
6.05
   Wang, N et al. 2020. Frontiers Plant Sci 11:1298     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: November 20th, 2012
15 days agotb1 teosinte branched1: many tillers; ear branches tassel-like; affects apical dominanceGRASSIUS: TCP transcription factor (TCP1)
1.09
   Crisp, PA et al. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010250117     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: February 2nd, 2017
15 days agodzs10 delta zein structural10: [was Zps10/(22)]; high (22.5%) methionine 10kDa delta zein; RFLP (probe 10kZ-1)
9.03 - 9.03
   Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: November 21st, 2012
15 days agoubi1 ubiquitin1: genomic sequence, 7 contiguous direct ubiquitin repeats; transcript specific probe; promoter active in monocots, not in tobacco
 
GRMZM2G409726
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: November 20th, 2014
Gene Model: November 18th, 2014
15 days agohb122 Homeobox-transcription factor 122: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Wang, N et al. 2020. Frontiers Plant Sci 11:1298     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: August 25th, 2017
15 days agofea4 fasciated ear4: Mutants are semidwarfed with fasciated ears and tassels as well as greatly enlarged vegetative and inflorescence meristems.
 
   Crisp, PA et al. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010250117     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: July 7th, 2017
15 days agozmm16 Zea mays MADS16: single copy; orthologous to rice GLO-like gene, OSMADS2; strongly expressed in developing male and female inflorescences but wealky expressed indeveloping kernels.
3.06
   Qi, S et al. 2020. Gene pp.doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2020.145064   AT5G20240 (TAIR) Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: April 1st, 2011
Variation: November 2nd, 2015
15 days agozmm18 Zea mays MADS18: single copy gene that co-segregates and shares 97% sequence identity with zmm29; probably an ortholog of rice GLOBOSA-like gene, OSMADS4; expressed in male and female inflorescences and developing kernels.
8.03
GRMZM5G805387
Qi, S et al. 2020. Gene pp.doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2020.145064     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 27th, 2013
Gene Model: July 2nd, 2014
15 days agozmm29 Zea mays MADS29: single copy gene that co-segregates and shares 97% nt sequence identity with zmm18; probably an ortholog of rice GLOBOSA-like gene, OSMADS4; strongly expressed in male and female inflorescences and developing kernels.
8.03
GRMZM2G152862
Qi, S et al. 2020. Gene pp.doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2020.145064     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 27th, 2013
Gene Model: July 2nd, 2014
15 days agozp15 zein protein, 15kDa15: high methionine; genomic blot indicates one or two copies
6.01 - 6.02
GRMZM2G086294
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: July 8th, 2013
Variation: August 27th, 2013
Gene Model: July 8th, 2013
15 days agohsp26 heat shock protein26: was umc195; cDNA, single mRNA species induced by heat shock, in vitro HSP26 imported by isolated chloroplasts, cross-reacts with anti-pea-chloroplast-HSP21 antibodies
1.03
GRMZM2G149647
Wang, N et al. 2020. Frontiers Plant Sci 11:1298     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 30th, 2015
Gene Model: January 30th, 2015
15 days agozp27 27-kDa zein protein: proline rich; least abundant of zeins in endosperm, not clear if all in zp27 cluster
7.02
   Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 17th, 2010
Variation: December 10th, 2019
15 days agoole1 oleosin1: major protein from lipid bodies, cDNA and genomic clones; SSR umc1185
2.03
   Wang, N et al. 2020. Frontiers Plant Sci 11:1298     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: July 23rd, 2018
Variation: February 20th, 2015
15 days agode30 defective endosperm B30: dominant De*-B30 has opaque, high lysine endosperm
7.01 - 7.02
AF546188.1_FG007
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 15th, 2014
Gene Model: September 14th, 2014
15 days agoimp1 importin1: leaf cDNA csu244 similar to importin
8.03
   Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: July 7th, 2017
15 days agogz50 50kD gamma zein: endosperm-specific protein cDNA
7.02
GRMZM2G138689
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 22nd, 2010
Variation: September 16th, 2010
Gene Model: November 21st, 2014
15 days agoaz22z3 22kD alpha zein3: mRNA for 22kD zein; in z1c(zp22) cluster
4.01
GRMZM2G044625
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: May 31st, 2010
Gene Model: November 21st, 2014
15 days agosnrk1a2 SNF1-related kinase alpha1-like2:
 
GRMZM2G180704
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: December 31st, 2018
Gene Model: February 13th, 2014
15 days agosweet15b sugars will eventually be exported transporter15b: similar to senescence-associated protein 29 of A. thaliana
 
GRMZM5G872392
Qi, S et al. 2020. Gene pp.doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2020.145064     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
15 days agozp2 zein protein2: encodes a 19 kD alpha zein
 
AF546188.1_FG005
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 1st, 2016
15 days agohsp9 heat shock protein9:
 
GRMZM2G046382
Wang, N et al. 2020. Frontiers Plant Sci 11:1298     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: January 15th, 2019
Gene Model: January 14th, 2019
15 days agorfwd3 ring finger and WD40 repeat3: mutants decrease zein transcription and seed nutrient reserves
 
GRMZM2G085691
Li, CB, et al. 2020. Plant Cell. 0:doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00352     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: March 26th, 2020
Variation: July 23rd, 2020
Gene Model: July 23rd, 2020
15 days agoltp2 lipid transfer protein2:
9.03
GRMZM2G040689
Wang, N et al. 2020. Frontiers Plant Sci 11:1298   AT2G10940 (TAIR) Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: June 20th, 2020
15 days agobetl9 basal endosperm transfer layer9: endosperm transfer cell specific protein regulated by mrp1 myb related protein1; RFLP gpm92
3.05
GRMZM2G087413
Linnestad, C et al. 2003. US Pat Off pp.US 2003/0097.689 A1     Reference: September 3rd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: October 8th, 2009
Gene Model: July 4th, 2014
16 days agoakin2 AKINbetagamma-1 protein kinase2:
1.03
   Abraham-Juarez, M-J et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00300     Reference: September 2nd, 2020
Gene Product: December 31st, 2018
Variation: September 25th, 2007
16 days agocdpk11 calcium dependent protein kinase11: encodes a protein that functions in abscisic acid signaling upstream of the MAP kinase encoded by mpk2, aka MPK5 (Ding et al 2012)
 
GRMZM2G047486
Abraham-Juarez, M-J et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00300     Reference: September 2nd, 2020
Gene Product: July 9th, 2013
Variation: April 3rd, 2015
Gene Model: July 9th, 2013
17 days agoae1 amylose extender1: glassy, tarnished endosperm; high amylose content; application: highly linear starch is used for food films, fibers, and other industrial purposes
5.04
   Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: June 6th, 2011
Variation: March 20th, 2020
17 days agobt1 brittle endosperm1: mature kernel collapsed, angular, often translucent and brittle (alleles sh3, sh5)
5.04
   Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: February 24th, 2015
Variation: March 16th, 2018
17 days agobt2 brittle endosperm2: like bt1; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit; with sh2 complements E. coli glgC
4.05
   Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: December 4th, 2018
17 days agodu1 dull endosperm1: glassy, tarnished endosperm; encodes a starch synthase III, that with an isoamylase-type debranching enzyme represses accumulation of phytoglycogen
10.03
GRMZM2G141399
Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: October 14th, 2016
Variation: June 29th, 2015
Gene Model: February 28th, 2012
17 days agofl1 floury endosperm1: (was o4) endosperm opaque, soft; dosage effect with fl1-ref allele, but o4 allele is recessive
2.04
GRMZM2G094532
Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: July 8th, 2013
Variation: September 16th, 2010
Gene Model: July 8th, 2013
17 days agofl2 floury2: endosperm opaque, soft; dosage effect; encodes an abnormal 24kDa alpha-zein, blocked in removal of its signal peptide, preventing transfer to lumen of the endoplasmic reticulummRNA for 22kD zein; in z1c(zp22) cluster
4.03
GRMZM2G397687
Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: October 17th, 2014
Gene Model: December 19th, 2011
17 days agoga1 gametophyte factor1: (was ga9) Ga1 pollen grains are competitively superior to ga1 on Ga1 silks; Ga1-S (strong) super-gametophyte
4.02 - 4.03
   Lu, YX et al. 2020. Plant Reproduction pp.doi: 10.1007/s00497-020-00394-w     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Variation: June 22nd, 2005
17 days agoga2 gametophyte factor2: Ga2 pollen grains are competitively superior to ga2 on Ga2 silks.
5.04
   Lu, YX et al. 2020. Plant Reproduction pp.doi: 10.1007/s00497-020-00394-w     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Variation: September 29th, 2016
17 days agoh1 soft starch1: endosperm opaque, starchy (like floury), recessive to horny
3.04
   Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Variation: September 1st, 2003
17 days agosh2 shrunken2: inflated, transparent, sweet kernels collapse on drying, becoming angular and brittle; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit (compare bt2); application: "supersweet" sweet corn - kernels sugar-sweet for long period
3.09
   Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: January 9th, 2019
17 days agosu1 sugary1: endosperm wrinkled and translucent when dry; starch debranching enzyme I absent in developing endosperm, phytoglycogen but no debranching enzyme in germinating seeds; su1-am sugary-amylaceous; su1-st recessive starchy; application: the "sweet corn" gene - recessive kernels are creamy-sweet at milk stage
4.05
   Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: April 21st, 2016
Variation: June 6th, 2016
17 days agosu2 sugary2: endosperm glassy, translucent, sometimes wrinkled
6.04 - 6.05
   Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: October 14th, 2016
Variation: October 7th, 2010
17 days agow3 white seedling3: like vp2; w3-8686 pale endosperm, pale green seedling in dim light
2.08 - 2.07
GRMZM2G113476
Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880   AT3G11945 (TAIR) Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: January 8th, 2018
Variation: January 8th, 2018
Gene Model: January 8th, 2018
17 days agoy9 pale yellow9: pale endosperm, slightly viviparous; green to pale green seedlings and plants; accumulates 9,15,9'-tri-cis-zeta carotene in dark
10.03 - 10.03
GRMZM2G011746
Gustin, JL et al. 2013. J Agric Food Chem 61:10872-10880     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: December 10th, 2011
Variation: September 28th, 2011
Gene Model: September 22nd, 2011
17 days agotcb1 teosinte crossing barrier1: Barrier to crossing of maize onto Central Plateau teosinte - transferred to maize with linked positive modifiers, fails to accept any pollen, including Ga1-s
4.04
   Lu, YX et al. 2020. Plant Reproduction pp.doi: 10.1007/s00497-020-00394-w     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: September 10th, 2018
Variation: May 24th, 2019
17 days agonrt5 nitrate transport5:
 
GRMZM2G455124
Liu, RR et al. 2020. Plant Signal Behav pp.doi: 10.1080/15592324.2020.1815980     Reference: September 1st, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: May 21st, 2019
18 days agolg1 liguleless1: In the liguleless1 mutant, ligule and auricle are missing; leaves are upright
2.01
   Kolkman, JM, et al. 2020. G3. 0:doi: 10.1534/g3.120.401500     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: December 18th, 2014
Variation: August 17th, 2020
18 days agoftr1 ferredoxin-thioredoxin1: cDNA sequence
9.01
GRMZM2G122793
Sytykiewicz, H et al. 2020. Int J Mol Sci 21:6296     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: August 31st, 2020
Variation: September 2nd, 2015
Gene Model: September 2nd, 2015
18 days agomatl1 matrilineal1: encodes a pollen-specific phospholipase; novel edits lead to a 6.7% haploid induction rate
 
GRMZM2G471240
Gustin, JL et al. 2020. Plant Breed pp.doi: 10.1111/pbr.12857     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: June 12th, 2020
Variation: February 10th, 2017
Gene Model: January 25th, 2017
18 days agotrx1 thioredoxin1: upregulatird in lines more resistant to aphid-infestation in seedlings
 
GRMZM2G166877
Sytykiewicz, H et al. 2020. Int J Mol Sci 21:6296     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: August 31st, 2020
Gene Model: August 31st, 2020
18 days agotrx2 thioredoxin2: upregulatird in lines more resistant to aphid-infestation in seedlings
 
GRMZM2G082886
Sytykiewicz, H et al. 2020. Int J Mol Sci 21:6296     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: August 31st, 2020
Gene Model: August 31st, 2020
18 days agotrx3 thioredoxin3: upregulatird in lines more resistant to aphid-infestation in seedlings
 
GRMZM2G170008
Sytykiewicz, H et al. 2020. Int J Mol Sci 21:6296     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: August 31st, 2020
Gene Model: August 31st, 2020
18 days agotrx4 thioredoxin4: upregulatird in lines more resistant to aphid-infestation in seedlings
 
GRMZM5G892522
Sytykiewicz, H et al. 2020. Int J Mol Sci 21:6296     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: August 31st, 2020
Gene Model: August 31st, 2020
18 days agotrx5 thioredoxin5: upregulatird in lines more resistant to aphid-infestation in seedlings
 
GRMZM2G086779
Sytykiewicz, H et al. 2020. Int J Mol Sci 21:6296     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: August 31st, 2020
Gene Model: August 31st, 2020
18 days agotrxr1 thioredoxin reductase1: upregulatird in lines more resistant to aphid-infestation in seedlings
 
GRMZM5G841142
Sytykiewicz, H et al. 2020. Int J Mol Sci 21:6296     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: August 31st, 2020
Gene Model: August 31st, 2020
18 days agotrxr2 thioredoxin reductase2:
 
GRMZM5G889769
    Gene Product: August 31st, 2020
Gene Model: August 31st, 2020
18 days agocda3 cytidine deaminase3:
 
GRMZM2G008297
Xu, JH; Messing, J. 2006. BMC Genetics. 7:52     Reference: August 26th, 2008
Gene Product: August 26th, 2008
Gene Model: August 31st, 2020
18 days agodcl102 dicer-like 102: mutants have few or no 24-nt phasiRNAs; plants are temperature-sensitive male sterile
1.07
GRMZM2G413853
Teng, C, et al. 2020. Nature communications. 11:2912     Reference: August 31st, 2020
Gene Product: September 5th, 2006
Variation: June 9th, 2020
Gene Model: January 29th, 2015
23 days agohsp17.2 heat shock protein17.2: seedling expressed heat shock protein; cDNA sequence similar to other plant 18 kDa heat shock proteins but distinct in maize
3.04
GRMZM2G422240
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: March 3rd, 2015
23 days agohsftf13 HSF-transcription factor 13: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: May 15th, 2020
23 days agocol16 C2C2-CO-like-transcription factor 16:
1.06
GRMZM2G159996
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: June 18th, 2018
Variation: December 7th, 2016
Gene Model: December 7th, 2016
23 days agohsp19 heat shock protein19:
9.06
GRMZM2G024718
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: February 28th, 2018
23 days agohsp90 heat shock protein, 90 kDa: heat-induced; encoded protein interacts with HSP101
10.04
GRMZM5G833699
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: January 14th, 2019
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2014
23 days agohsp101 heat-shock protein 101: normal primary roots contain protein HSP101 conferring acclimation at 40C, to 50C shock; null mutants fail to acclimate and shock is lethal
6.07
   Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: December 22nd, 2012
23 days agohsp18c heat shock protein18c: induced by heat shock specifically in anthers or spikelets containing meiotic microsporocytes
8.02
   Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 2nd, 2013
23 days agohsp18f heat shock protein18f: induction by heat shock is developmentally constitutive
3.02
   Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: July 18th, 2014
23 days agopdi1 protein disulfide isomerase1: single copy cDNA, SSR umc1550
4.03
GRMZM2G091481
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: December 23rd, 2015
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2013
23 days agosal1 supernumerary aleurone1: Mutant allele contains up to seven layers of aleurone cells
9.03
   Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Variation: April 3rd, 2007
23 days agohsp6 heat shock protein6:
 
AC209784.3_FG007
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: January 14th, 2019
23 days agohsp11 heat shock protein11:
 
GRMZM2G306679
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: January 15th, 2019
Gene Model: January 14th, 2019
23 days agohsp12 heat shock protein12:
 
GRMZM2G158232
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: January 15th, 2019
Gene Model: January 14th, 2019
23 days agocrt4 calreticulin4:
 
GRMZM2G074687
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: February 12th, 2007
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agophao1 pheophorbide a oxygenase1:
 
GRMZM2G171390
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: August 26th, 2020
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agonye1 non-yellowing1:
 
GRMZM2G091837
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: August 26th, 2020
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agonye2 non-yellowing2:
 
GRMZM2G379563
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: August 26th, 2020
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agohsp20 heat shock protein20:
 
GRMZM2G346839
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: January 15th, 2019
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agohsp23 heat shock protein23:
 
GRMZM2G361605
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agochao1 chlorophyllide a oxygenase1:
 
GRMZM2G103197
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: August 26th, 2020
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agocdj4 chaperone DNA J4:
 
GRMZM2G399136
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agohsp24 heat shock protein24:
 
GRMZM2G375517
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: January 15th, 2019
Gene Model: August 26th, 2020
23 days agobzip60 bZIP transcription factor60: endoplasmic reticulum [ER] stress response
9.03
GRMZM2G025812
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Variation: August 26th, 2020
Gene Model: April 16th, 2013
23 days agopcr1 protochlorophyllide reductase1: leaf cDNA csu349 similar to plant protochlorophyllide reductase
2.01
GRMZM2G084958
Li, ZX et al. 2020. Plant Cell pp.doi: 10.1105/tpc.20.00260.     Reference: August 26th, 2020
Gene Product: June 8th, 2019
Variation: February 25th, 2013
Gene Model: October 8th, 2014
25 days agowx1 waxy1: amylopectin (stained red by iodine) replaces amylose (blue staining) in endosperm and pollen; extensive allelic series; application: highly branched starch has gelling properties, used for food gels, adhesives, and other industrial purposes; SSRs phi022, 027, 061NCBI: granule-bound starch synthase 1, chloroplastic/amyloplastic
9.03
   Zhong, YY et al. 2020. Carbohydrate Polymers 247:116681     Reference: August 24th, 2020
Gene Product: June 4th, 2008
Variation: May 27th, 2020
25 days agozpu1 pullulanase-type starch debranching enzyme1: single copy, cDNA clone similar to rice sequence; SSR umc1003The zpu1 gene encodes a pullulanase-type starch debranching enzyme. Analysis of plants homozygous for the zpu1-204 mutation reveal the genes role in starch catabolism. zpu1-204 endosperm accumulate maltooligosaccharides not found in wild type plants. zpu1-204 are also deficient for linear maltooligosaccharides.
2.05
GRMZM2G158043
Zhong, YY et al. 2020. Carbohydrate Polymers 247:116681     Reference: August 24th, 2020
Gene Product: October 25th, 2011
Variation: June 29th, 2015
Gene Model: November 20th, 2014
25 days agogbss1 granule-bound starch synthase1:
 
GRMZM2G008263
Zhong, YY et al. 2020. Carbohydrate Polymers 247:116681     Reference: August 24th, 2020
Gene Product: June 4th, 2008
Variation: August 4th, 2011
Gene Model: November 20th, 2014
25 days agosbe1 starch branching enzyme1: maize kernel cDNA sequence is similar to starch branching enzyme I of bacteria, encodes a putative 64-amino acid plastid transit peptide (aka sbe1)
5.03
   Zhong, YY et al. 2020. Carbohydrate Polymers 247:116681     Reference: August 24th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 5th, 2018
25 days agohcf60 high chlorophyll fluorescence60: green to pale green seedling leaves, deficiency in photosystem I
 
GRMZM2G038013
Zhang, Y et al. 2020. Int J Mol Sci 21:6082     Reference: August 24th, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: February 17th, 2015
25 days agosu4 sugary4: duplicate factor: in combination with su3 gives sugary endosperm phenotype.
6.05
GRMZM2G090905
Zhong, YY et al. 2020. Carbohydrate Polymers 247:116681     Reference: August 24th, 2020
Gene Product: October 25th, 2011
Variation: June 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: October 24th, 2011
25 days agoss1 starch synthase I: single copy endosperm specific cDNA; encoded-protein cross-reacts with antibody to granule associated starch synthase I
9.02
   Zhong, YY et al. 2020. Carbohydrate Polymers 247:116681     Reference: August 24th, 2020
Gene Product: October 14th, 2016
Variation: October 7th, 2010
27 days agoact1 actin1: actin, one of six potential genes; genomic DNA clone; 3 introns); SSR phi115
8.03 - 8.04
   Manoli, A et al. 2012. J Plant Physiol 169:807-815     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 4th, 2013
27 days agorpl19 ribosomal protein L19: single copy cDNA
5.06
GRMZM2G171444
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
27 days agobm4 brown midrib4: mutant looks like bm1; encodes folylpolyglutamate synthetase
9.08
GRMZM2G393334
Manoli, A et al. 2012. J Plant Physiol 169:807-815     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: December 17th, 2014
Variation: December 17th, 2014
Gene Model: December 17th, 2014
27 days agopgm2 phosphoglucomutase2: electrophoretic mobility; null allele is known; cytosolic; monomeric
5.01
GRMZM2G109383
Manoli, A et al. 2012. J Plant Physiol 169:807-815     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: November 28th, 2011
27 days agoapx1 ascorbate peroxidase homolog:
9.04
GRMZM2G054300
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Variation: August 10th, 2012
Gene Model: June 19th, 2013
27 days agotua4 alpha tubulin4: belongs to alpha tubulin subfamily I, with tua1 and tua2; gene specific cDNA probe
5.01
   Bertels, J et al. 2020. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa385     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
27 days agogrp1 glycine-rich protein1: protein with high glycine content and repetitive glycine stretches; putative cell wall components
1.08
   Manoli, A et al. 2012. J Plant Physiol 169:807-815     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 5th, 2014
27 days agomdh6 malate dehydrogenase6: mesophyll cells, C4 photosynthesis; a second copy may not function in photosynthesis
1.07
GRMZM2G129513
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: September 23rd, 2014
Variation: August 31st, 2010
Gene Model: October 24th, 2013
27 days agogst24 glutathione transferase24:
5.07
GRMZM2G032856
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 20th, 2010
Gene Model: July 27th, 2016
27 days agowee1 wee1: cDNA single copy, deduced protein 50% identity to protein kinase domain of human Wee1; SSR umc1255
4.11
GRMZM5G878541
Bertels, J et al. 2020. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa385     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Variation: March 21st, 2017
Gene Model: March 17th, 2017
27 days agocyc3 cyclin3: classIII; sense RNA functions in Xenopus oocytes; SSR umc1186
6.02
   Bertels, J et al. 2020. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa385     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: June 26th, 2009
Variation: January 17th, 2014
27 days agouce4 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme4:
2.01
   Manoli, A et al. 2012. J Plant Physiol 169:807-815     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: December 19th, 2019
Variation: July 29th, 2004
27 days agoopr2 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid reductase2: Cytoplasmic
8.05
GRMZM2G000236
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: September 3rd, 2010
Variation: December 11th, 2013
Gene Model: November 27th, 2013
27 days agoaox3 alternative oxidase3:
 
GRMZM2G074743
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: February 22nd, 2012
Gene Model: February 17th, 2012
27 days agoga2ox3 gibberellin 2-oxidase3:
 
GRMZM2G022679
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: October 27th, 2014
Gene Model: October 27th, 2014
27 days agohct2 hydroxycinnamoyltransferase2: up-regulated in the Rp1-D21 mutant lines; colocalized with the SNP associated with Rp1-D21-induced HR
 
GRMZM2G114918
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: November 7th, 2015
Gene Model: November 7th, 2015
27 days agomcm4 minichromosome maintenance4:
 
GRMZM2G066101
Bertels, J et al. 2020. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa385     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: August 2nd, 2017
Gene Model: July 31st, 2017
27 days agouce9 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme9:
 
GRMZM2G027378
Bertels, J et al. 2020. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa385     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: December 19th, 2019
Gene Model: May 10th, 2018
27 days agocul2 cullin2:
 
GRMZM2G166694
Manoli, A et al. 2012. J Plant Physiol 169:807-815     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: May 10th, 2018
Gene Model: May 10th, 2018
27 days agolug9 leunig-related9:
 
GRMZM2G425377
Manoli, A et al. 2012. J Plant Physiol 169:807-815     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2018
Gene Model: July 3rd, 2020
27 days agoIDP610  :
2.09
GRMZM2G152258
Bruggeman, SA et al. 2020. PLoS One pp.e0237715     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 20th, 2019
27 days agosrph1 SGT1 disease resistance protein homolog1: interacts with RACK1 protein involved in disease resistance (Wang et al 2014)
3.09
GRMZM2G105019
Lin, F et al. 2014. Plant Mol Biol 86:543-554     Reference: August 22nd, 2020
Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: March 23rd, 2015
28 days agodek605 defective kernel605: mutants have delayed seed and seedling development
5.05
GRMZM2G114241
Fan, KJ et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa110     Reference: August 21st, 2020
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: August 21st, 2020
Gene Model: July 10th, 2018
28 days agotrkin1 tandem repeat kinesin1: required to mobilize neocentromeres
 
   Swentowsky, KW et al. 2020. Genes Dev pp.doi: 10.1101/gad.340679.120     Reference: August 21st, 2020
Gene Product: November 10th, 2017
28 days agokindr1 kinesin driver1: on Ab10; encodes a kinesin-14 required to mobilize neo-centromeres; made up of the major tandem repeat knob180.
 
   Swentowsky, KW et al. 2020. Genes Dev pp.doi: 10.1101/gad.340679.120     Reference: August 21st, 2020
Gene Product: November 10th, 2017
30 days agocpps2 copalyl diphosphate synthase2: encodes ent-kaurene synthase, a copalyl diphosphate synthase protein having close identity with An1 gene product; likely duplicate function explains why an1 plants are not fully dwarfed (Harris et al. 2005)
1.04
GRMZM2G044481
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Variation: January 22nd, 2018
Gene Model: September 12th, 2011
Recommended by Ed Coe:
January 8th, 2008
30 days agoan1 anther ear1: andromonoecious dwarf, intermediate stature; few tassel branches; responds to gibberellins; an1-6923 includes deletion of Bz2+
1.08
GRMZM2G081554
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Variation: May 13th, 2020
Gene Model: November 7th, 2011
30 days agohcf3 high chlorophyll fluorescence3: (aka hcf9, hcf107) missing PSII thylakoid membrane core complex; green seedling; RNA metabolism
1.03
GRMZM2G121960
Chotewutmontri, P; Barkan, A. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2007833117     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: December 1st, 2015
Variation: August 19th, 2020
Gene Model: December 1st, 2015
30 days agopsa3 photosystemI3: Mutants have a pale green seedling phenotype; lacks photosystem I core complex polypeptides
 
GRMZM2G051403
Chotewutmontri, P; Barkan, A. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2007833117   AT3G55250 (TAIR) Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: May 20th, 2017
Variation: May 20th, 2017
Gene Model: May 20th, 2017
30 days agopet2 photosynthetic electron transport2: lacks cytochrome bf polypeptidesOrtholog of Arabidopsis HCF208 and Chlamydomonas CCB2. Cyt b6 heme attachment factor. (A. Barkan, 2015)
 
GRMZM2G087063
Chotewutmontri, P; Barkan, A. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2007833117   At5g52110 (TAIR)
LOC_Os10g37840 (MSU/TIGR)
Os10g0522500 (Gramene)
Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: April 19th, 2011
Variation: August 19th, 2020
Gene Model: April 19th, 2011
30 days agocrp1 chloroplast RNA processing1: Chloroplast PPR protein. Activates translation of petA and psaC genes. Stabilizes petB-petD intergenic RNA termini. Binds petA, psaC, petD 5'UTRs. (A. Barkan, 2015)pale green seedling lethal, high chlorophyll leaf fluorescence;cytochromeb6/f and PSI deficient; protein translation
7.03 - 7.06
   Chotewutmontri, P; Barkan, A. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2007833117   AT5G42310 (TAIR)
LOC_Os07g36390 (MSU/TIGR)
Os07g0548300 (Gramene)
Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: July 23rd, 2009
30 days agonta1 N-terminal amidase1: NCBI: CemA-like proton extrusion protein-related
9.08
GRMZM2G110258
Chotewutmontri, P; Barkan, A. 2020. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA pp.doi: 10.1073/pnas.2007833117   At4g34090 (TAIR)
LOC_Os03g01920 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: August 19th, 2020
Variation: August 18th, 2020
Gene Model: April 21st, 2017
30 days agotps1 terpene synthase1: possible plant defense gene
2.02
GRMZM2G049538
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: May 28th, 2012
Variation: August 6th, 2013
Gene Model: May 28th, 2012
30 days agocpps3 copalyl diphosphate synthase3: Functions as a (+)-CPP synthase
 
GRMZM2G068808
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Gene Model: October 27th, 2014
30 days agoks1 kaurene synthase1:
 
GRMZM2G016922
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Gene Model: October 27th, 2014
30 days agoks2 kaurene synthase2:
 
GRMZM2G093526
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Gene Model: October 27th, 2014
30 days agoks4 kaurene synthase4:
 
AC214360.3_FG001
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Gene Model: October 27th, 2014
30 days agoks6 kaurene synthase6:
 
GRMZM2G391312
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Gene Model: December 2nd, 2015
30 days agocpps4 copalyl diphosphate synthase4: Produces 8,13-CPP and LPP; moderately inducible expression under root exposure to abiotic stress
 
AC218998.2_FG011
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Gene Model: November 9th, 2018
30 days agoks3 kaurene synthase3: functionality inferred from expression data and sequence similarity (Song et al 2011; Nelissen et al 2012)
2.02
GRMZM2G093603
Toyomasu, T et al. 2020. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcaa106     Reference: August 19th, 2020
Gene Product: August 16th, 2012
Gene Model: August 15th, 2012

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